Page created by Simon
Last Modified: 17/04/2008
ReflectionSee: the Bibliography database includes a dedicated scrion on reflection.
There are reflective elements in most ePortfolios, for some it is their primary purpose.
Some key points:
- Reflection as making meaning from experience - and learning from it
- ePortfolios often provide a structure and 'space' for reflection ('scafolding')
- Educators often see reflection as a key element for 'Deep' / 'Transformative Learning'
- Reflection on action vs. reflection in action (Schon, 1983)
- Reflection for action (Eraut, 1995): important for PDP
- Reflection is a complex process involving both intellectual and emotional elements (Dewey, 1933)
- Many people find reflection 'difficult'
- People who are 'natural' reflectors do not necassarily record their reflections
- Private reflection vs. facilitated or group reflection
- Does assessment change the nature and honesty of reflection?
Two good starting points for learning about reflection:
Moon J.Guide for Busy Academics No.4. Learning through reflection. HE Academy, York, 2005
Smith, M. K. (1999) 'Reflection: What constitutes reflection - and what significance does it have for educators? The contributions of Dewey, Schön and Boud et. al. assessed.', the encyclopedia of informal education, www.infed.org/biblio/b-reflect.htm (accessed 3rd July 2006).
Two developmental models of reflection relevant to portfolio learning
Model based on Hatton and Smith,1995
- Describing events without reasons
- Descriptive reflection:
- Describing events and providing reasons (mostly personal opinion)
- Dialogic reflection:
- Mulling over reasons and exploring alternatives - internal dialog
- Critical reflection:
- Sophistocated reflection, taking account of social and political context
Jenny Moon's Model of learning
- Basic seeing and memorising
- Making sense:
- Coherent reproduction but not related to previous learning
- Making meaning:
- Integrated and well linked ideas
- Working with meaning:
- Relating new material with previous learning
- Transformative learning:
- Strong restructuring of ideas and ability to evaluate the process of learning
Page created by Simon